I'm confused by the accusation of China stealing or copying from the West
If you are a second mover and wake up and find yourself behind the West by decades of not centuries in science and technology, and existing institutions arent in your favor. How, realistically, do you catch up? Start by reading Newton's Principia Mathmatica and maybe in 300 years you will hopefully recreate the steam engine? That will definitely be an honorable thing to do won't it? That way you are not memorizing solutions but learning !