What would a fair merit based system look like?
I think most points systems get "merit" very wrong and equate it to things that often signal a lack of merit.
Like they give points for master's without considering which school and wind up rewarding people who go to dodgy online schools to tick that box. When I'm reviewing resumes I consider such schools a NEGATIVE and discard the resume.
But there has to be a good way so let's brainstorm what real merit would look like.
I'll go first with she tenets:
1. Reputation matters a lot and any feature of a merit system should include a reputational element. Moreover reputation is best measured by surveys of industry professionals, not things like counting citations.
2. This applies to schools and also employers and also to individuals
3. Salary is a good measure but it has caveats and needs to be relative to job category and age as well as the reputation of the employer.
4. It's better to have done randomness the to have a complete stack rank, to reduce the incentive to game every last point. Being 2 point higher should give you a better chance, not shut out the lower point person
So with that here is a suggestion:
A. Instead of points you earn ballots in a lottery. Everyone gets 1 ballot for applying assuming they meets basic qualification. If in the lottery any one of your ballots is selected then you are accepted.
B. You get 1 extra ballot for every degree level you complete regardless of the reputation of your school so long as it's accredited
C. You get 1 extra ballot if it's a US school
D. You get 3 extra ballots for every degree completed at a school that is recognized as being to 25% world wide.
^ So up to 5 ballots per degree
E. You get 1 ballot for every 5 years experience you have in your field up to a maximum of 3 ballots.
F. You get 1 extra ballot for every 5 years US experience you have
G. You get 3 extra ballots for every high reputation employer you worked for, where you worked at least 2 years (top by reputation among industry pros)
H. You get 1 extra ballot for every 100k salary at your most recent employer, up to 3 ballots
I. You get 1 extra ballot pet 100k if that salary is US, up to 3
J. You get 3 extra ballots if that salary is in the top 25% of you labor category BY AGE, up to 9 ballots
K. You get 1 ballot for every letter of recommendation from an industry professional in your field, up to 3. Meaning a professor or manager in your industry
L. You get 1 extra ballot if that person is a US based professional
M. You get 3 extra ballots if that person is an employee of one of the previously identified to 25% schools or employers by reputation
N. Age discrimination: You lose 5 ballots for every 10 years of age over 20, is at 30, 40, 50, and 60.
O. Family discrimination: You get 1 extra ballot for every member of your immediate family who is under 30
P. US person discrimination: You get 1 extra ballots for each immediate family member who is a US citizen and 3 more if they are under 30.