No, unless you do it in a terrible way or make your employer feel like you will quit otherwise. But in general you can meet with your manager and politely say, I've been doing x, y and z that had impact a, b and c, and I would appreciate if you will consider increasing my salary. You should probably mention an amount so they will have a ballpark of your expectations. If they way no, you thank them for looking into it and consider your. Next steps.
It's unlikely you will be fired. But you may create an awkward situation if your request gets denied. And your manager will likely deduce that you will be searching for jobs elsewhere if the request gets denied, which in turn can result in you being sidelined. But even that is probably not particularly likely.